Chris Stout, PhD

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What Parents and Emerging Adults Should Know

Chris Stout, PsyD


Women and Substance Use Disorders

  • Individuals with substance use disorders report high rates of physical, sexual and emotional abuse and neglect during their childhood
  • The rate of childhood sexual abuse among females with substance use disorders is twice as high as that found in the general female population
  • Women suffering from substance use disorders also face gender-specific barriers, including childcare, family responsibilities and greater likelihood of a co-occurring disorder such as depression

Substance Use Disorders and Treatment

  • In 2004, over 1.2 million Illinois residents suffered from a substance use disorder (in­cluding alcohol)
  • Of these individuals, only about 10% received treatment
  • In Illinois, approximately 266,000 individu­als had both a substance use disorder and a mental health disorder, but only about 6% received care for both.

Social benefits of treatment include:

  • Improved health, better employment outcomes, reduced criminal offense rates, increased self-monitoring and reduced serious health problems

Numerous studies that have analyzed the cost savings of treatment demonstrate positive financial outcomes. Treatment is cost effective in a number of ways:

  • If $2.3 million were spent on treatment, Illlinois taxpayers would save about $40 million dollars per year
  • Treatment lowers criminal activity and criminal recidivism (e.g., incarceration costs, criminal prosecution costs, and costs of drug- related crime)
  • Treatment increases the number of taxpayers through employment

Youth and Drug Use


For many Illinois youth, substance use initia­tion begins at an early age. Analysis of the 2003 Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS) of publicly funded treatment demonstrated:


  • 56% of all Illinois heroin treatment participants first used heroin before the age of 18. Of these, over 5% were aged 11 or younger, while 21% were between 12 and 14 years of age
  • 72% of methamphetamine treatment participants first used methamphetamine before age 18 and nearly 10% first used methamphetamine by age 11. About 29% first used between ages 12 and 14, while 34% began using between 15 and 17 years of age
  • 65% of cocaine treatment partici­pants used cocaine before age 18, and nearly 10% first used cocaine earlier than age 12. Twenty-five percent began using cocaine between the ages of 12 to 14, and about 30% used cocaine for the first time be­tween ages 15 to 17
  • Nearly 90% of marijuana treatment participants first used marijuana before the age of
  • Since the elimination of D.A.R.E. (Drug Abuse Resistance Education) funding in Illinois, a comprehensive drug education strategy for Illinois youth has yet to be implemented. The Illinois State Board of Education does state goals for drug education, but no standards or strategies exist for systematic implementation of these goals into curricula


  • Half a million engage in unprotected sex1
  • 100,000 students are victims of alcohol-related sexual assault or date rape1
  • Use of Rohypnol (roofies) or gamma hydroxybutyrate (GHB, often called G), are the best known of the so-called date rape drugs.  Between 1998 and 2000, emergency room admissions in the United States for GHB quadrupled2